Legal status granted to protect and promote greater welfare of animals.
The Uttarakhand High Court on Wednesday declared the "entire animal kingdom including avian and aquatic" as legal entities, with a distinct persona and corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
The Bench comprising Justice Rajiv Sharma and Justice Lokpal Singh observed that the Corporations, Hindu idols, holy scriptures, rivers are legal entities.
The High Court also said that in order to protect and promote greater welfare of animals, they are required to be conferred with the status of legal entity/ legal person.
With this status, the animals should be healthy, comfortable, well-nourished, safe, able to express innate behaviour without pain, fear and distress. They are entitled to justice.