Many a time the buyer ends up buying a random number as sum assuredâ€“ Rs 10 lakh or Rs 25 lakh as it sounds good for his ear. But this may not be the best way to ascertain the sum assured you should buy. You should be buying a sum assured equal to at least 10 times your annual income. For example, if you are earning Rs 5 lakh per year, you should be buying a term life insurance worth Rs 50 lakh on the conservative basis. The number should also provide for liabilities such as loans outstanding, if any. In case of an eventuality the family should get the desired sum assured and all the loans outstanding too should be paid.
If you are keen to take a more scientific approach, do consider opting for a free human life value calculator.
Due to scarcity of resources, sometimes individuals buy inadequate sum assured. If you are one of them, do not lose heart. Some insurers allow you to buy additional sum assured at the milestone events such as marriage, child birth. Do increase the sum assured to ensure that you have adequate sum assured.
If you get the sum assured right, then the next question most insurance buyers face is for how long they should insure themselves.
You should ideally cover yourself till your retirement age. As long as you are earning and there are individuals financially dependent on you, a term life insurance cover is a must. So if your retirement age is 60 and you are 30 year old, you should ideally be insured for 30 years. Term of the policy is also referred to as cover ceasing age by some insurance companies.
Many confuse the premium paying term and the policy term. These two are different. To begin with there are two ways you can pay your premium. First is single premium term life insurance policy in which you pay for the cover in one go. Second option is regular premium term life insurance policy in which you agree to pay the premium at regular interval â€“ annually, quarterly or monthly.
If you opt for regular premium then most insurers allow you to select the premium paying term. The premium paying term will be less than equal to the policy term. For example, if your policy term is 30 years, you may choose to opt for a premium paying term of 30 years or less.